An Obligatory Law (AN) was introduced by the dictator Georgios Kondyles on 21–23 October/1935 and 19–20 December/1935, seeking to establish the parallel operation of both administrative and judicial ektopismós. The 21–23 gave the Minister of Security and the Minister of Interior Affairs the power to effect exile on the recommendation of the committees, or even on their own initiative. The 19-20 ordered the parallel operation of both modalities of exile. Obligatory Law (AN) 117/1936 replaced the Idiônymon, concerning the persecution of Communism and the results of the dissemination of its ideas, and it was supported by AN 375/1936, concerning espionage. This was the law most commonly invoked by the prosecution in seeking sentences for Communists, even when the charge of espionage could not be proven. Sentencing for 375/1936 had a very narrow range: the lightest sentence was life imprisonment and the harshest was the death penalty. The law was carried out only by military tribunals, even when the accused were not military personnel. It was valid during both war and peace, and being a special law, it transcended both common and military penal laws. On top of this juridical nexus, AN 1075/1938, “regarding security measures for the social order and the protection of the citizens,” codified the articles of 117/1936, reiterated the criminality of disseminating Communist ideas, and set the punishment for transgressing the law: at least three months of imprisonment followed by exile from six to twelve months. AN 1075/1938 also set parameters for the systematic breakup of Communist organizations and the parallel establishment of incentives for cadres to leave the party and, through a process of reform (anánēpsis), become members of bourgeois society again.
Particularly important is the decision of the Council of State, which decreed, in its decisions 763 and 765, that “the clustering of the exiled (ektopisménōn) under disciplined existence at the building of the old prison in Akronauplia does not constitute deprivation of their freedom.” The 1871 law was reinstated from July to December 1945 and from August 1950 to August 1951, and the Bill of Law 4 May/1946, introduced by the democratic government of Konstantinos Tsaldares, reinstated administrative ektopismós by establishing Committees of Public Security at each prefecture. The Third Resolution of Parliament of 18/6/1946 and Obligatory Law 509/27/12/1947 introduced military ektopismós, which gave complete power to military authorities to effect any ektopismós they deemed necessary. Both the resolution and the law instituted lengthy sentences for disseminating ideas. Article 15, paragraph 2 of the Third Resolution ordered that such sentences range from temporary or prolonged incarceration to the death penalty and made provisions for exile as additional punishment if the sentence ordered by the court was a light one (i.e., included only imprisonment). Article 7, paragraph 2 of the AN 509/1947 gave the military courts authority to change an order of imprisonment into one of exile for an equal time. Legislative Decree 392/18/8/1947 changed the temporal limit of exile from twelve months (as had been decreed by 19-21/4/1924) to twenty-four months and decreed obligatory police surveillance of the exiled and heavy punishments for even temporary transport from the place of exile. AN 511/31/12/1947 (put in effect by Law 539/3/2/1948) organized and systematized the institution of “disciplined existence” and transformed all places of exile into concentration camps. It imposed: (1) regular appearances before the executive power, (2) a ban on transport beyond a specific radius around the camp, (3) curfew, (4) declaration of any change of address and unexpected house searches, (5) a ban on the establishment of clubs, societies, etc., (6) a ban on the circulation of printed or handwritten material, (7) a ban on the pursuit of one's profession, (8) a monetary allowance, (9) search of all packages, (10) censorship of correspondence. Legislative Decree 687/7/5/1948 gave the committees the authority to extend the length of exile indefinitely. Legislative Decrees 21/2/1949 and 9/2/1950 lifted martial law, and Decree 1/1/1952 restored the Constitution.